The use of minimally invasive surgery to diagnose and repair diaphragmatic injuries in clinically stable patients with penetrating left thoraco-abdominal trauma.

Dennis Monde Mjoli, Thandinkosi Madiba


  1. 1.                Aims (objectives of study) – please list.


  1. To determine the incidence of diaphragmatic injury in patients with penetrating thoraco-abdominal trauma without an indication for an operative intervention (peritonitis, bowel evisceration, hemodynamic instability, etc.) in the Pietermaritzburg Hospital Complex.
  2. To establish and identify factors that are predictive of a diaphragmatic injury on a plain chest X-Ray.
  3. To establish any relationship between a diaphragmatic injury and the site of the penetrating trauma.
  4. To determine the success of laparoscopic repair of diaphragmatic injury resulting from penetrating thoraco-abdominal trauma in the Pietermaritzburg Hospital Complex.